General surgery is the treatment of injury, deformity, and disease using operative procedures.
General surgery is frequently performed to alleviate suffering when a cure is unlikely through medication alone. It can beused for routine procedures performed in a physician's office, such as vasectomy, or for more complicated operationsrequiring a medical team in a hospital setting, such as laparoscopic cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder). Areasof the body treated by general surgery include the stomach, liver, intestines, appendix, breasts, thyroid gland, salivaryglands, some arteries and veins, and the skin. The brain, heart, eyes, and feet, to name only a few, are areas thatrequire specialized surgical repair.
New methods and techniques are less invasive than previous practices, permitting procedures that were consideredimpossible in the past. For example, microsurgery has been used in reattaching severed body parts by successfullyreconnecting small blood vessels and nerves.VIDEO