General medicine is the branch of medicine that focuses on adult care. It refers to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organs. An internist may work with a patient’s heart, lungs and brain, among other organs. These doctors treat illnesses of the internal organs with methods other than surgery.
A specialist in this field is referred to as a general medicine physician. These doctors work with patients age 18 or older, as doctors who work with children are called pediatricians. General physicians become experts at diagnoses, thanks to their extensive training and medical school. Often, they must identify multiple diagnoses, as diseases that involve several internal organs are not uncommon.
General medicine doctors are responsible for recording a patient’s symptoms, inquiring about previous diseases, allergies and medication, and asking questions about the patient’s lifestyle choices, including the abuse of cigarettes and alcohol. A comprehensive medical exam is required before any diagnosis can take place. During the exam, the doctor is responsible for answering any questions the patient has. Finally, treatment of problems and counseling for healthy living and avoiding similar problems in the future takes placeVIDEO